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Research methods : a framework for evidence-based clinical practice / Wendy L. Hurley, Craig R. Denegar, Jay Hertel
Books/Textual Material | Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins | c2011. | 1st ed.
Available at Gumberg 2nd Floor (R850 .H87 2011)
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Imprint
Baltimore, MD : Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, c2011.
Descript
xxii, 426 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Bibliog.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents
Foreword -- Preface -- Part 1: Introduction To Clinical Research -- 1: Research: an overview -- Introduction -- What research is and what research is not -- Role of theory in research -- Research process -- Research and the clinical practitioner -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- Suggested reading -- 2: How to read research: evaluating research articles -- Introduction -- Whereabouts -- Navigating scientific writing -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- Suggested reading -- 3: Evidence-based clinical practice: distinguishing best practices -- Introduction -- What is evidence-based practice? -- Role of theory: definition and basic tenets -- Role of research in EBP -- How does the clinical practitioner use research and EBP? -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- Suggested reading -- 4: EBM: a historical perspective -- Introduction -- History and direction of clinical fields -- Research in medicine -- Clinical research -- Clinical research and evidence-based practice -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- 5: Ethics and responsible conduct in research and clinical practice -- Introduction -- General background -- Model of interpretative practice -- Historical context -- Ethical principles and human participation protections -- Medical research combined with medical care -- Military and other special interest research -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- Suggested reading -- Part 2: Seeking Answers: How The Question Drives The Methods -- 6: Finding the evidence: informational sources, search strategies, and critical appraisal -- Introduction -- Informational sources and the reference librarian -- Electronic sources and databases -- Search strategies -- Critical review and appraisal -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- 7: Hierarchy of evidence -- Introduction -- Evidence across patient care -- Is all evidence equal? Levels of evidence -- Relevance of evidence to problem -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- 8: Qualitative inquiry -- Introduction -- What is qualitative inquiry? -- Objectives of qualitative research -- Types of qualitative research -- Methods of qualitative inquiry -- Types of qualitative data collection -- Perspectives and theoretical traditions -- Validity in qualitative research (credibility) -- Reliability of qualitative research (dependability) -- Health professional as being "on" while on the job -- Health profession and professionals as a community with multiple roles -- Qualitative and quantitative integration -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- Acknowledgment -- References --
9: Qualitative inquiry -- Introduction -- Characteristics of quantitative inquiry -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- Suggested reading -- 10: Validity and reliability -- Introduction -- Types of quantitative data -- Validity -- Reliability, agreement, and precision of measures -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- Suggested reading -- 11: Tests of comparison -- Introduction -- Selecting statistics and types of data -- Analysis of variance -- Interpreting F -- Alpha values and types of error -- Complex designs and terminology -- Interaction -- Levels of variables -- Planned comparison and post-hoc analysis -- Analysis of covariance -- T-Tests -- Significance and confidence intervals -- Effect sizes -- Nonparametric statistics -- Mann-Whitney U example scenario -- Note on parametric analysis of ordinal data -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- Suggested reading -- 12: Measures of association -- Introduction -- Purpose and methods -- Data analysis -- Regression -- Interpreting p and R2 -- Managing ordinal and nominal data -- Association versus cause -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- Suggested reading -- Part 3: Clinical Research: Diagnosis, Prevention, And Treatment -- 13: Evaluation and diagnosis: research methods and data analysis -- Introduction -- Physical examination procedures -- How can clinical research improve patient evaluation? -- Design of studies of diagnostic testing -- Assessing research of diagnostic instruments -- Statistics and interpretations -- Basics-sensitivity and specificity -- Likelihood ratios -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- Suggested reading -- 14: Screening and prevention of illness and injuries: research methods and data analysis -- Introduction -- Model of injury prevention -- Risk identification: research design issues -- Estimating injury rates and risks -- Statistical analysis -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- 15: Treatment outcomes across the disablement spectrum -- Introduction -- Types of outcomes measures -- Disablement models -- Clinician-derived measures -- Patient self-report -- Global health measures -- Condition- , region- , or dimension-specific measures -- Single item outcomes measures -- Choosing the appropriate outcomes instruments -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- 16: Treatment outcomes: research methods and data analysis -- Introduction -- Building an infrastructure to measure treatment outcomes -- Study designs -- Data analysis: statistical significance versus clinical meaningfulness -- Clinical prediction rules -- Comprehensive data analysis -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- Suggested reading -- 17: Clinical practice guidelines and clinical prediction rules -- Introduction -- Clinical prediction guides -- Data analysis -- Clinical practice guidelines -- Levels of evidence -- Diagnostic practice guidelines and grade of recommendation -- Additional considerations -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- 18: Systematic review and meta-analysis -- Introduction -- Systematic review -- Traditional literature review versus systematic review -- Systematic review as a research process -- Data synthesis -- Meta-analysis -- Considerations for applying the results from systematic review to the care of the individual patient -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References --
Part 4: Dissemination Of Research -- 19: Presentation of findings -- Introduction -- Types of presentations -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- 20: Writing the funding proposal -- Introduction -- History and culture of grants -- Grant versus contract -- Sources of funding -- Grant writing for the twenty-first century: a recipe for success -- Grant writing versus publication authorship -- Preparing a budget -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- Suggested reading -- Part 5: Integrating Evidence-Based Medicine Into The Educational Experience -- 21: Evidence in learning and teaching -- Introduction -- Learning critical appraisal -- Learning and teaching from a body of evidence -- Problem-based learning -- Promoting learning and assessing outcomes -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- 22: Clinical experience -- Introduction -- Case reports -- Grand rounds -- Chapter summary -- Key points -- Critical thinking questions -- Applying concepts -- References -- Glossary -- Index.
Summary
From the Publisher: Research Methods: A Framework for Evidence-Based Clinical Practice is written specifically for students and practitioners in allied health care professions that treat patients with movement limitations, such as physical therapy and athletic training. Following the text's clear, easy-to-follow guidance, readers will quickly learn how to gather, read, interpret, assess, and apply research to clinical practice. Most importantly, they will discover how an evidence-based approach will improve clinical outcomes in their own practice.
Subject
Alt Author
ISBN
9780781797689 (alk. paper)
0781797683 (alk. paper)
MARC
OCoLC
20110415023828.0
100630s2011 mdua b 001 0 eng cam a
DNLM/DLC DLC YDX NLM OOJ YDXCP EDK DUQ
pcc
Richard King Mellon Foundation
DUQQ
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