Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, 2007.
18 p. : ill., map ; 28 cm.
Available via the Internet. Address as of 11/30/07: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/pdf/prfdsc.pdf
About 3 in 5 felony defendants in the 75 largest counties were released prior to case disposition -- Since 1998 a majority of pretrial releases have included financial conditions -- Surety bond surpassed release on recognizance in 1998 as the most common type of pretrial release -- Two-thirds of defendants had financial conditions required for release in 2004, compared to half in 1990 -- The higher the bail amount the lower the probability of pretrial release -- Defendants arrested for violent offenses or who had a criminal record were most likely to have a high bail amount or be denied bail -- Commercial bail and pretrial release -- Financial releases took longer on average than non-financial releases -- About a quarter of released defendants had failed to appear in court during a prior case -- Many factors influence the pretrial release decision -- Male and Hispanic defendants less likely to be released than females and whites -- Defendants with a prior criminal record less likely to be released than those without a prior arrest -- About 1 in 5 detained defendants eventually had their case dismissed or were acquitted -- On average, released defendants waited nearly 3 times longer than detainees for case adjudication -- Incidents of pretrial misconduct increased with length of time in release status -- A third of released defendants were charged with pretrial misconduct within 1 year after release -- Pretrial misconduct rates stable from 1990-2004 -- Pretrial misconduct rates highest for emergency releases -- About 1 in 4 defendants who failed to appear in court were fugitives at end of a 1-year study period -- Likelihood of pretrial misconduct lower for defendants released after being charged with murder or rape -- Younger, male, black, and Hispanic defendants more likely to be charged with pretrial misconduct -- Prior criminal activity associated with greater probability of pretrial misconduct -- Logistic regression analysis of pretrial misconduct. Type of release -- Arrest offense -- Demographic characteristics -- Criminal history -- Methodology. Data utilized -- Using multivariate statistical techniques -- Generalized estimating equation techniques -- Interpreting logistic regression probabilities -- Limitations of models.
At head of title: State court processing statistics, 1990-2004
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